Midface Hypoplasia

Simplified Explanation

This is due to the early fusion of the skull. It means the upper jaw, cheekbones, and eye sockets did not grow as much as the rest of the face. This causes the midface to look sunken in and contributes to many face and jaw problems.


  • Fronto-Orbital Advancement: Surgery to that helps with eye protection by elevating the forehead.
  • LeForte I: The upper jaw is moved forward to meet the lower teeth.
  • LeForte III: All of the bones of the upper face are brought forward, improving the position of the nose, eyes, upper jaw and teeth.
  • Monobloc: This procedure advances the forehead and midface together. Distractors may or may not be used with the monobloc surgery.
  • Distraction Osteogenesis: A metal piece, called a halo, is temporarily fixed to the skull bones, and the midface is pulled forward slowly following surgery to release the bones.
  • Reconstruction/Anterior Distraction: (Check back soon for details on this treatment.)
  • Posterior Vault Distraction: (Check back soon for details on this treatment.)

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